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Development plan of construction machinery in the 14th five year plan -- an overview of the development of construction machinery industry in the 13th five year plan

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2021-08-20      Origin: Site

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Recently, entrusted by the first equipment industry department of the Ministry of industry and information technology and prepared by China Construction Machinery Industry Association, the "14th five year plan" for the development of construction machinery industry was officially released in Tangshan, Hebei Province.


The summary of the development of the construction machinery industry in the 13th five year plan in the 14th five year plan for the development of construction machinery is excerpted and released.

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preface

As one of the important pillar industries in China's national economic construction, China's construction machinery industry conscientiously implemented the decision and deployment of the CPC Central Committee and vigorously promoted and implemented the supply side structural reform during the 13th Five Year Plan period. The industry has made great progress in all aspects, including brand influence, degree of internationalization, scientific and technological and innovation ability, scale and total amount, quality and quality The comprehensive ability and development quality of the value chain have been significantly improved; The manufacturing technology, process and equipment level of construction machinery industry have been improved; Major technical equipment, high-end construction machinery products and new construction machinery integrated with advanced technology have made great contributions to the construction of the national economy.


In recent ten years, the rapid development of China's construction machinery industry has occupied an important position in the world construction machinery industry pattern, although there is still a gap with the international leading level in some fields. We are at a new historical starting point and will open a new all-round and pioneering development period. New technologies such as intelligence, Internet, big data and 5g will give new development impetus to China's construction machinery industry.


At present, China is actively promoting a new development pattern with the domestic big cycle as the main body and the domestic and international double cycles promoting each other. While steadily promoting the "going global", the construction machinery industry continues to carry out supply side structural reform, so that the domestic market provides strong support for the international market and overseas investment development, and international business adds innovative power to domestic production and sales, In the construction of a new development pattern, realize the high-quality development of construction machinery to a new level.


The 14th Five Year Plan period is the first five years for China to embark on a new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way and march towards the second Centennial goal after building a well-off society in an all-round way and achieving the first Centennial goal. This plan is formulated to promote the construction machinery industry to seize the current important historical opportunity period in China and deepen high-quality development.


1、 Development of construction machinery industry in the 13th five year plan


summary


(1) Rapid growth of industry scale


In 2016, the industry walked out of the trough for five consecutive years. During the "13th five year plan", China's construction machinery industry showed an overall improvement in scale, efficiency, brand value, internationalization, innovative R & D and intelligent manufacturing, and steadily moved forward on the road of high-quality development. The industrial scale of construction machinery industry has grown from 457 billion yuan at the end of the 12th Five Year Plan (2015) to 775.1 billion yuan in 2020.


(2) Better achieve the development goals of the 13th five year plan


1. In 2020, the whole industry achieved an operating revenue of 775.1 billion yuan and completed the expected target of the planned total scale.


2. Great progress has been made in informatization and digitization, breakthroughs and application achievements have been made in many fields, and the phased objectives of informatization and intelligence have been completed.


3. During the "13th five year plan" period, the total import and export of construction machinery was 126 billion US dollars, an increase of 4.39 over the "12th Five Year Plan", of which the total export was 105.9 billion US dollars, an increase of 13.4%.


4. Better achieve the development goal of industrial structure: a number of enterprises enter the global engineering goal: a number of enterprises enter the forefront of global construction machinery, and the proportion of export and overseas operating revenue is expected to exceed that of export and overseas operating revenue, which is expected to exceed 30%, The projects of a number of enterprises have become intelligent manufacturing demonstration pilot projects, intelligent manufacturing demonstration pilot and application promotion and application promotion; Some international brands have emerged; Outstanding achievements have been made in standardization work; Outstanding achievements have been made in high-end standardization; The localization rate of high-end parts has increased significantly; The rate of detection and autonomy has increased significantly; Inspection, verification, testing and other means have been strengthened.


(3) Great progress has been made in structural adjustment


1. Continuous optimization of industrial structure


The industrial concentration has been steadily improved, the industrial layout has been more efficient and intensive, the rational distribution of Eastern, central and western regions has been formed, and an industrial structure with organic combination, mutual supplement, mutual promotion and coordinated development has been formed.


The manufacturing service industry is growing rapidly, from equipment delivery, training, repair, leasing, maintenance, oil products, equipment use status monitoring and spare parts supply, to second-hand equipment trading, parts and Equipment Remanufacturing, etc. The standardization and high-level services of a number of service providers form an organic supplement with the service end of manufacturing enterprises, which has become a part of the rapid development of the construction machinery industry chain.


The application of industrial Internet in the field of construction machinery has further deepened, promoting the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry focusing on intelligent manufacturing, intelligent products and intelligent management. Industry enterprises have built their own digital R & D system, management system and service system, promoting the upgrading of R & D, management and service.


2. Changes in market demand structure


With the continuous upgrading of the demand for construction machinery in the national economic construction and the economic construction of all countries in the world, the demand for innovative R & D major technical equipment, high-end construction machinery products and new high-tech construction machinery integrated into digitization, informatization, intelligence, lightweight and the Internet is becoming stronger and stronger.


After nearly ten years of rapid development, the scale of the construction machinery industry has been expanding, which has fully met the huge demand for the rapid growth of national economic construction. At the same time, the whole society has accumulated the equipment stock scale matching the national economic development. The construction machinery industry is changing from the demand structure dominated by the incremental market to the demand structure focusing on the upgrading and updating of the stock market; From only pursuing cost performance to high performance, high quality, high reliability and high adaptability; Develop from a single general-purpose model demand structure to a diversified demand structure and an overall solution to the construction technology system; The rapid development of China's overall economic strength, scientific and technological strength, comprehensive national strength and people's living standards, as well as the new construction environment (plateau, extreme cold, etc.) and construction methods (safe and efficient) of major construction projects, promote the development of new construction machinery and the leapfrog upgrading of original construction machinery.


3. The pace of internationalization has been steadily promoted, and the global industrial layout has been further improved


One belt, one road initiative, the global layout and competitiveness of overseas markets, has been continuously improved in the construction machinery industry. The gap between China and the international giants has been narrowed, and the global competitiveness and advantages of China's brand have been fully demonstrated. By the end of the 13th five year plan, the proportion of construction machinery export and overseas business income is expected to reach 30%.


(4) Remarkable achievements in innovation and development


During the 13th Five Year Plan period, the construction machinery industry won 3 special awards of China machinery industry science and technology award, 10 first prizes, 32 second prizes and 64 third prizes.


1. Rapid development of intelligent construction machinery


A batch of intelligent construction machinery with the functions of auxiliary operation, unmanned driving, state management, cluster management, safety protection, special operation, remote control, fault diagnosis and life cycle management have been applied in practice, which has greatly solved some difficult problems in construction.


2. Major technical equipment to a higher level


During the 13th Five Year Plan period, the replacement of imported complete equipment, a large number of manual operations, traditional inefficient operation methods and construction methods with adverse effects on the environment were realized, the technical breakthroughs of new construction methods and extreme construction environment were realized, and the needs of major construction projects in China were met.


3. Performance, quality, reliability and durability were further improved


During the 13th Five Year Plan period, the construction machinery industry strengthened the quality control of parts by improving the design, optimizing key components such as working devices and structural parts, upgrading the manufacturing technology and process, and widely promoted information workshops and intelligent chemical plants to further improve the product quality. At the same time, the service life of key components such as box, bridge and large structural parts is improved, which further improves the reliability and durability of the whole machine.


4. Industrial Internet is widely used


The Internet of construction machinery industry builds a network, platform and safety function system through the system, creates a new network infrastructure with comprehensive interconnection of human, machine, material and other elements, forms an emerging business form and application mode of intelligent development, and establishes a digital and networked monitoring system for operation scene reproduction and real-time feedback of operation parameters, which effectively supports the research and development of construction machinery Efficient operation of manufacturing, construction management, safety management, cooperative operation, emergency rescue, maintenance service, early troubleshooting and other links. It has accumulated large-scale equipment status data, which lays a foundation for further improving product performance and service capacity and promoting the high-quality development of the industry at all stages of the product life cycle.


5. Outstanding achievements in green development


During the 13th Five Year Plan period, the construction machinery industry fully realized the switching of national three-stage emission standards for non road mobile machinery, upgraded the emission standards for construction machinery, effectively reduced the total emission of air pollutants, and ushered in a new market demand peak of the construction machinery industry. China's four stage non road construction machinery emission standard is about to be implemented. All manufacturing enterprises and supporting enterprises are actively preparing to carry out early technical preparations such as PEMs host test, PN requirements, smoke test and durability certification, and actively welcome the switching of China's four stage emission standard.


(5) The standardization work has been solidly promoted, and the role of group standards in meeting the needs of industry development has become prominent


During the 13th Five Year Plan period, we focused on the construction of green manufacturing standard system, focused on energy efficiency, advanced environmental protection and resource recycling, strengthened the formulation of basic standards for energy conservation and environmental protection, performance testing method standards and evaluation management standards, and improved the consistency between standardization and promoting high-quality development in the industry.


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